List of 2013 UCI ProTeams and riders

This page is a list of 2013 UCI ProTeams and riders football classic shirts. These teams competed in the 2013 UCI World Tour.

The 19 ProTeams in 2013 were:

Argos–Shimano were promoted up to the top division of teams for this season, whilst Team Katusha were somewhat controversially removed from the World Tour peloton. On 15 February 2013 the Court of Arbitration for Sport upheld Team Katusha’s appeal against the UCI’s decision not to issue them a World Tour licence. On 18 February 2013 the UCI announced that, contrary to previous assertions electric shavers canada, 19 teams would hold ProTeam status for this season. This caused Paris–Nice and the Giro d’Italia to accommodate 23 teams as Team Katusha were not given a wild card invite when they were a Pro-Continental team, but would now be invited as a ProTeam.

One team changed its name twice – having been known as Rabobank in 2012, the team became Blanco Pro Cycling after Rabobank withdrew their title sponsorship kitchenaid meat tenderizer. Ahead of the Tour de France hydration bag for running, Belkin acquired title sponsorship, with the team becoming Belkin Pro Cycling.

FDJ also changed its name to FDJ.fr.

Saramaccan language

Saramaccan (autonym: Saamáka) is a creole language spoken by about 58,000 ethnic African people near the Saramacca and upper Suriname Rivers, as well as in the capital Paramaribo, in Suriname (formerly also known as Dutch Guyana), 25,000 in French Guiana, and 8,000 in the Netherlands. It has three main dialects. The speakers are mostly descendants of fugitive slaves who were native to West and Central Africa; they form a group called Saamacca, also spelled Saramaka.

Linguists consider Saramaccan notable because it is based on two European source languages, English (30%) and Portuguese (20%), and various west- and Central African languages (50%) but diverges considerably from all of these. The African component accounts for about 50% once ritual use is taken into account, the highest percentage in the Americas. African portions are derived from Niger-Congo languages of West Africa, especially Fon and other Gbe languages, Akan stainless steel drink bottles, and Central African languages such as KiKongo.

The Saramaccan lexicon is largely drawn from English, Portuguese, and to a lesser extent Dutch, among European languages football socks with numbers, and Niger-Congo languages of West Africa football classic shirts, especially Fon and other Gbe languages, Akan, and Central African languages such as KiKongo. The African component accounts for about 50% of the total.

Saramaccan phonology has traits similar to languages of West Africa. It has developed the use of tones, which are common in Africa, rather than stress, which is typical of European languages.

Over one quarter of Saramaccan’s words are from English. It is generally agreed that Saramaccan’s Portuguese influence originated from enslaved peoples who lived on plantations with Portuguese masters, and possibly with other slaves speaking a Portuguese creole. The masters might have brought the latter when migrating to Suriname from Brazil.[citation needed] Saramaccan originators began with an early form of Sranan Tongo, an English-based creole, and transformed it into a new creole via this Portuguese influx, plus influence from the grammars of Fongbe and other Gbe languages.[citation needed]

An earlier idea that Saramaccan was an offshoot of a Portuguese pidgin spoken by slaves who had learned it on the West African coast is no longer[dubious ][citation needed] subscribed to by working creolists./bɛ/ “red” vs. /bɛ́ɛ/ “belly” vs. /bɛɛ́ɛ/ “bread”.

/c ɟ ɲ ɲɟ/ are more specifically dorso-postalveolar, but the palatal fricative /ç/ is dorso-palatal.

The language has two surface tones, high and low. Stress in European words is replaced by high tone in Saramaccan.

Thirty percent of the vocabulary of Saramaccan is derived from English, while 20% is derived from Portuguese. It is one of the few known creoles to derive a large percentage of its lexicon from more than one source (most creoles have one main lexifier language), and it is said to be both an English-based creole and a Portuguese-based creole.

About 50% of the vocabulary of Saramaccan is of African origin, the most of any creole in the Americas. Source languages for these words include Kikongo, Gbe languages, and Twi.

To English speakers not familiar with it, the English basis of this language is almost unrecognizable. These are some examples of Saramaccan sentences (taken from the SIL dictionary):

De waka te de aan sinkii möön.
“They walked until they were worn out.”

U ta mindi kanda fu dee soni dee ta pasa ku u.
“We make up songs about things that happen to us.”

A suku di soni te wojo fëën ko bëë.
“He searched for it in vain.”

Mi puu tu dusu kölu bai ën.
“I paid two thousand guilders to buy it.”

Examples of words originally from Portuguese or a Portuguese creole are: mujee (mulher) “woman”; womi (o homem) “man”; da (dar) “to give”; bunu (bom) “good”; kaba (acabar) “to end”; ku (com) “with”; kuma (como) “as”; faka (faca) “knife”; aki (aqui) “here”; ma (mas) “but”; kendi (quente) “hot”; liba (riba) “above”; lio (rio) “river”.

Two books have now been published in Saamaka, at the request of the Saamaka people, who have distributed them in their schools: Fesiten and Boo go a Kontukonde. Both have used the orthography now accepted by the Saamaka People, developed by Saamaka linguist Vinije Haabo.

1959 USAC Championship Car season

The 1959 USAC Championship Car season consisted of 13 races, beginning in Daytona Beach, Florida on April 4 and concluding in Sacramento, California on October 25. There were also three non-championship events. The USAC National Champion and Indianapolis 500 winner was Rodger Ward. In this tragic season 7 fatal accidents occurred Fashion Jewelry Necklaces. During the pre-season, Marshall Teague was fatally injured in a crash at Daytona. He was 37 years old. In the first race of the season at Daytona, 34-year-old George Amick was killed in an accident on the last lap. In the second race of the season at Trenton, Dick Linder was killed; he was 36 years old. The third race of the season, the Indy 500, had two fatalities. On May 2, Jerry Unser (26 years old) was killed in a practice accident, and on May 19 death Bob Cortner (32 years old) was also killed in a practice accident football classic shirts. On July 19 at Mechanicsburg in the Indianapolis Sweepstakes non-championship race Van Johnson was killed in an accident; he was 32 years old. This was the most tragic season in the American open-wheel car history.

Note: At the Milwaukee 200 started with the car #16 Jim Rathmann, after 29 lap the relieved driver A. J. Foyt led the car the remaining 171 lap and finished 4, so the car completed the 200 lap. The points for this place was 240 points, Jim Rathmann became 34,8 points and A. J. Foyt became 205,2 points; because the method: (the points for the finish place) / (number the lap when completed the car) * (number the lap when completed the driver).