Bhavana Upanishad

The Bhavana Upanishad (Sanskrit: भावन उपनिषद्, IAST: Bhāvana Upaniṣad) is a medieval era minor Upanishad of Hinduism. Composed in Sanskrit, the text is classified as one of the Shakta Upanishads and attached to the Atharvaveda. The Upanishad identifies the human body as Srichakra yantra and elaborates on this theme, and its worship.

The author and the date when Bhavana Upanishad was composed are unknown. The text was likely composed, in the same period as other Shakta Upanishads, between the 12th- and 15th-century CE. While this text is a relatively late composition in the Upanishadic collection

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, literary evidence confirms that Shakta Tantrism has roots in ancient times and the interaction between Vedic and Tantric traditions trace back to at least the sixth century, and the surge in Tantra tradition developments during the late medieval period, states Geoffrey Samuel, were a means to confront and cope with Islamic invasions and political instability in and after 14th-century CE in parts of India and Tibet.
The Bhavana Upanishad is a sister text to Tripura Upanishad

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. Both of these texts were commented on the 18th-century Tantra and Mother goddess scholar Bhaskararaya

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. The text has been popular in Srividya tradition of South India

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.
The text was translated by AG Krishna Warrier in 1967. However, scholarly reviews such as those by Brooks have questioned the translation and its conservative modern interpretation that is inconsistent with how the text was interpreted by 15th- to 18th-century Indian scholars such as Bhaskararaya in their bhasya (review and commentary).
Manuscripts of this text are also found titled as Bhavanopanisad

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. In the Telugu language anthology of 108 Upanishads of the Muktika canon, narrated by Rama to Hanuman, it is listed at number 84.
The Upanishad describes the human body to be Sri Yantra (Sri chakra), by mapping each part of the body to the chakra. It asserts that the Shakti is the Atman (soul) within. The text is notable for its emphasis on Antaryaga (internal worship) in contrast to external rituals and offerings. The 18th-century scholar Bhaskararaya, in his commentary, explains verse 29 of the Bhavana Upanishad to be based on the premise “all love their own self”.
The text presents nondualistic ideas, presenting Goddess as the supreme reality of the universe. The philosophical premises in this text as in many Shakta Upanishads, states June McDaniel, is syncretism of Samkhya and Advaita Vedanta schools of Hindu philosophy, called Shaktadavaitavada (literally, the path of nondualistic Shakti).

Mayflower High School (Arkansas)

Mayflower High School is a comprehensive public high school for more than 300 students in grades 9 through 12 located in Mayflower

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, Arkansas, United States

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. Mayflower is one of six public high schools in Faulkner County and the sole high school administered by the Mayflower School District.

The assumed course of study follows the Smart Core curriculum developed by the Arkansas Department of Education (ADE), which requires students complete at least 22 units prior to graduation. Students complete regular coursework and exams and may take Advanced Placement (AP) courses and exam with the opportunity to receive college credit.
Mayflower High School is nationally recognized as a Bronze Medalist in the Best High Schools Report 2012 developed by U.S. News & World Report.
The Mayflower High School athletic emblem (mascot) is the Eagle with purple and gold serving as the school colors.
The Mayflower Eagles compete in interscholastic activities within the 3A Classification administered by the Arkansas Activities Association. The Eagles play within the 3A Region 2 Conference and field varsity teams in football, volleyball, golf (boys/girls), bowling (boys/girls), basketball (boys/girls), cheer, baseball, fastpitch softball, and track and field (boys/girls).
Mayflower students participate in a variety of clubs and organizations that offer community service projects, competitions, scholarships and networking to include Beta Club, Future Business Leaders of America (FBLA), FCCLA, Quiz Bowl, SkillsUSA, Student Council

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Steven Grossman (musician)

Steven D Grossman (September 1, 1951 in Brooklyn, New York – June 23, 1991 in San Francisco

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, California) was a singer-songwriter from the early 1970s whose debut (and until 2011 only) album Caravan Tonight (1974) is distinguished as being the first album dealing with openly gay themes and subject matter to be released on a major label (Mercury Records)

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. Stephen Holden of Rolling Stone hailed it as “one of the most auspicious singer-songwriter debuts of the ’70s.”
Grossman was heavily influenced by Joni Mitchell and the album is very much in the style of singer-songwriter Cat Stevens, as opposed to the then-current glam Bowiesque fashion of openly gay artists such as Jobriath

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. Performers on the album included Eric Weissberg

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, best known for his recording Dueling Banjos for the 1972 movie Deliverance.
Grossman died in 1991, aged 39, of an AIDS-related illness

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. Caravan Tonight has yet to be released on CD although a cover version of the title track by model and occasional singer Twiggy has. Singer songwriter Mark Weigle created a duet of Out with Steven Grossman on his Out of the Loop CD in 2002.
Grossman recorded a second album shortly before his death and this was finally released on CD in 2011 entitled “Something in the Moonlight”.

Judith H. Hibbard

Judith Hoffman Hibbard is the senior researcher of the Health Policy Research Group at the University of Oregon. She is also the professor emerita of the university’s Department of Planning, Public Policy, and Management. Her research mostly concerns topics such as health literacy and how consumers utilize health information.
In 1974, Hibbard received her bachelor’s degree in health sciences at California State University, Northridge. She received a master’s degree in Health Education and Behavioral Sciences from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1975 She earned her doctorate in 1982 from the University of California, Berkeley with a degree in Social and Administrative Health Services

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.
In 2014, Hibbard was named one of the 3000 most highly cited researchers by Thompson Reuters. That same year, she was listed as one of “The World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds”

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. Hibbard has been a part of many commissions and advisory councils throughout her career such as the National Advisory Council for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the United Health Group Advisory Panel, the National Health Care Quality Forum, and the National Advisory Council for the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s Aligning Forces for Quality Initiative

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. She was also a speaker for the Mayo Clinic Center of Innovation’s 2014 Transform event. Hibbard was the lead researcher of a team that worked to develop the Patient Activation Measure and gave a presentation on patient activation at the 2010 King’s Fund Annual Conference.

Ouvrage Ferme Chappy

Ouvrage Ferme Chappy is a petit ouvrage of the Maginot Line in northeastern France. It is located at the western end of the Fortified Sector of the Crusnes near Longuyon in the Meurthe-et-Moselle département, facing Belgium. The gros ouvrage Fermont borders Ferme Chappy’s artillery coverage to the east. A wide gap existed to the west in the direction of Longuyon, covered only by blockhouses and natural obstacles such as rivers

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. Ferme Chappy was assaulted by German forces during the Battle of France in June 1940, fending off the attack with artillery support from Fermont

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. Chappy surrendered with its neighbors on 27 June. It was abandoned after the war and is now private property.

Ferme Chappy was approved for construction in April 1932. It was completed at a cost of 11 million francs

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. The ouvrage[nb 1] was named for the adjoining farm whose buildings sit nearly on top of the underground barracks and entry.
The ouvrage is immediately to the east of Longuyon and the valley of the Crusnes river, with a considerable space between Ferme Chappy and the next ouvrage to the west, Ouvrage Vélosnes. A gros ouvrage (Bois du Rafour) was planned immediately to the rear of Longuyon in the direction of Verdun

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, along with two casemates (Casemates de la Chaudronnerie) just to the south of Ferme Chappy, but were replaced by a dense series of blockhouses closer to Longuyon.
A combination personnel and ammunition entry was planned for a second phase of construction. The block was intended to be equipped with a GFM cloche, an AC47/JM embrasure and two automatic rifle embrasures.
The 1940 manning of the ouvrage under the command of Lieutenant Thibeau comprised 109 men and 3 officers of the 149th Fortress Infantry Regiment and the 152nd Position Artillery Regiment. The units were under the umbrella of the 42nd Fortress Corps of the 3rd Army, Army Group 2. The Caserne Lamy provided peacetime above-ground barracks and support services to Ferme Chappy and other fortifications in the area.
Ferme Chappy, lacking long-range artillery, played no part in the artillery fire of May 1940 between the larger ouvrages and opposing German forces in Belgium. After the Germans broke out behind the Maginot Line in June, Ferme Chappy was threatened from the rear. The ouvrage was attacked during the Battle of France on June 21 by the German 161st Infantry Division. The attack was repelled with help from the nearby gros ouvrage Fermont. Firing continued until the armistice of 25 June, but no further assault was launched by the Germans. Chappy’s garrison surrendered to the Germans on 27 June after negotiations with German forces that were undertaken by Commandant Pophillat of Ouvrage Latiremont. Once the area was occupied, Chappy’s machine gun turret was removed by the Germans, along with all of the interior fittings

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. The position saw no fighting in the 1944 Lorraine Campaign and remained abandoned after the war.
The ouvrage is the property of M. Peiffert who now owns the farm. The interior, though bare, remains in good condition. It is not open to the public.

Zec Lesueur

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Canada
Géolocalisation sur la carte : Québec
La zec Lesueur est une zone d’exploitation contrôlée située dans le territoire non organisé du Lac-Douaire, dans la municipalité régionale de comté (MRC) Antoine-Labelle, dans la région administrative des Laurentides, au Québec, au Canada.

Le territoire de la zec Lesueur est délimité:
Les trois plus haut sommets de la zec sont situés près de la limite de la zec Mitchinamecus: montagne de la Tour, montagne du Petit Duplessis (419 m.)

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, la montagne du Chaise (444 m.) et la montagne Perdue (449 m.).
À la limite ouest de la zec, la rivière Gatineau comporte plusieurs rapides: Esturgeon, Ceizur, chutes du Serpent, rapides de la Trinité, Chantants, Pikes et Mocassins (embouchure de la rivière Bazin).
Le trajet pour accéder aux postes d’accueil:
Sur le territoire de la zec, la chasse est contingenté selon les périodes, les types d’engin de chasse, le sexe des bêtes, pour les espèces suivantes: orignal, ours noir, gélinotte, tétras et lièvre.
La pêche est contingentée pour l’omble de fontaine, le touladi, le brochet, le doré et l’achigan.
La nom de la zec est directement liée au lac Lesueur, situé dans la partie nord de la zec. Ce lac qui est à 5

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,3 km à l’Est de la rivière Gatineau

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, est liée à une chaine de lacs liées entre eux par la rivière Lesueur (dans l’axe nord-est vers le sud-ouest) dont les lacs (en partant de celui le plus au nord): Carrière

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, Pot, Dumain, de la Vache, Orphan, Lesueur, La Saussaye, Ouzel et Menneval. À partir de ce dernier lac, la rivière Lesueur coule vers l’ouest sur 4 km pour se déverser dans la rivière Gatineau.
Le toponyme “Zec Lesueur” a été officialisé le 5 août 1982 à la Banque des noms de lieux de la Commission de toponymie du Québec.

Viscount Charlemont

Viscount Charlemont is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1665 for William Caulfeild, 5th Baron Charlemont.
The Caulfeild family descends from Sir Toby Caulfeild

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, originally of Oxfordshire, England. He was a noted soldier and also represented Armagh in the Irish House of Commons. In 1620 he was created Lord Caulfeild, Baron of Charlemont, in the Peerage of Ireland, with remainder to his nephew Sir William Caulfeild, who succeeded him as second Baron. The latter’s son, the third Baron, was shot in 1642 on the orders of Sir Phelim O’Neill, the leader of the Irish Rebellion of 1641. His younger brother, the fifth Baron, had O’Neill apprehended and executed for the murder of his elder brother. In 1665 he was created Viscount Charlemont in the Peerage of Ireland. His son, the second Viscount, was an opponent of King James II and attainted, but was later restored by King William III. His son, the third Viscount, represented Charlemont in the Irish Parliament. He was succeeded by his son, the fourth Viscount. In 1763 he was created Earl of Charlemont in the Peerage of Ireland. His eldest son, the second Earl, sat in the House of Lords as an Irish Representative Peer from 1806 to 1837. The latter year he was created Baron Charlemont, of Charlemont in the County of Armagh, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, with remainder to his younger brother the Hon. Henry Caulfield and the heirs male of his body. Lord Charlemont later served as Lord Lieutenant of County Tyrone from 1839 to 1863. He was succeeded by his nephew (in the barony of 1837 according to the special remainder) kelme indoor shoes, the third Earl. He sat as a Liberal Member of Parliament for Armagh from 1847 to 1867 and also served as Lord Lieutenant of County Armagh from 1849 to 1864 and of County Tyrone between 1864 and 1892.
On his death the earldom and barony of 1837 became extinct, while he was succeeded in the other titles by his kinsman, the seventh Viscount. He was the great-great-grandson of Reverend the Hon. Charles Caulfeild, fifth son of the second Viscount. His nephew, the eighth Viscount, was a Member of the Senate of Northern Ireland from 1925 to 1937 and served as Minister of Education and Leader of the Senate from 1926 to 1937. He also sat in the House of Lords as an Irish Representative Peer from 1918 to 1949. On his death this line of the family also failed. He was succeeded by his kinsman, the ninth Viscount

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. He was the grandson of James Caulfield, second son of the Reverend Hans Caulfeild, grandson of the Hon. Charles Caulfeild, fifth son of the second Viscount. On the death of his younger brother, the twelfth Viscount, in 1979, this line also failed, and the titles passed to his kinsman, the thirteenth Viscount. He was the eldest son of the Reverend Wilberforce Caulfeild, fourth son of the Reverend Hans Caulfeild, grandson of the Hon. Charles Caulfeild, fifth son of the second Viscount. He was succeeded by his nephew, the fourteenth Viscount. As of 2014[update] the titles are held by the latter’s son, the fifteenth Viscount, who succeeded in 2001. He lives in Canada.
Other members of the family include Thomas, son of the second Baron, who was MP for Charlemont. He was the father of William, MP for Tulsk and father of Thomas, Toby, and St George, all of whom were also MPs for Tulsk: St George was also a highly successful lawyer who ended his career as Lord Chief Justice of Ireland. John, son of the first Viscount, was MP for Charlemont, and Francis, son of the third Viscount, was MP for Armagh and Charlemont.
The family seats were Roxborough Castle, near Moy, County Tyrone and Charlemont Fort, near Charlemont, County Armagh.

The heir apparent is the present holder’s son Hon. Shane Andrew Caulfeild (born 1996).

Heldorado

Heldorado is a 1946 American Western film starring Roy Rogers set during the annual Helldorado Days celebrations in Las Vegas. It was the last teaming of Roy and comedy relief sidekick Gabby Hayes

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. Hayes shares a scene with Pat Brady who later became Rogers’ comedy relief sidekick

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Roy Rogers is a Captain in the Nevada Rangers who plans to take some well earned leave to go to Helldorado celebrations. His leave is interrupted when the Sheriff of Clark County, Nevada requests his help to investigate money laundering being done by an organized crime syndicate. The Syndicate uses impoverished local playboy Alec Baxter to launder thousand dollar bills at the gaming tables of the casinos of the state.
During this time socialite Carol Randall is elected Queen of the Helldorado Rodeo and is also made a deputy sheriff. When Alec is murdered Carol uses her badge and wiles to investigate Alec’s murder that brings her into conflict with Captain Rogers. The Syndicate is awaiting a new shipment of funds to launder and tries to assassinate Roy during the Helldorado treasure hunt.
Roy Rogers … Nevada Ranger Captain Roy Rogers Trigger … Trigger, Roy’s Horse George ‘Gabby’ Hayes … Gabby Dale Evans … Carol Randall Paul Harvey … C.W. Driscoll Brad Dexter ..

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. Alec Baxter (billed as Barry Mitchell) John Bagni … Johnny John Phillips … Sheriff Malcolm ‘Bud’ McTaggart … Bellboy Rex Lease … Charlie the Bartender Steve Darrell .

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.. Mitch LeRoy Mason … State Ranger Charles Williams … Carnival Judge Eddie Acuff ..

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. Carnival Shooting-Gallery Attendant Pat Brady …. Himself Bob Nolan and the Sons of the Pioneers
Written by Jack Elliott Performed by Roy Rogers and the Sons of the Pioneers
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Written by Denver Darling Performed by Roy Rogers
Written by Bob Nolan Performed by Pat Brady and the Sons of the Pioneers
Don’t put on that badge until Halloween – Roy to Deputy Sheriff Carol (after releasing Carol imprisoned inside a refrigerator) Does the light go out inside? – Roy

Green Hills of Africa

Green Hills of Africa is a 1935 work of nonfiction written by Ernest Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2

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, 1961). Hemingway’s second work of nonfiction, Green Hills of Africa is an account of a month on safari he and his wife, Pauline Marie Pfeiffer, took in East Africa during December 1933. Green Hills of Africa is divided into four parts: “Pursuit and Conversation”, “Pursuit Remembered”, “Pursuit and Failure”, and “Pursuit as Happiness”, each of which plays a different role in the story.

Much of the narrative describes Hemingway’s adventures hunting in East Africa, interspersed with ruminations about literature and authors. Generally the East African landscape Hemingway describes is in the region of Lake Manyara in Tanzania.
The book starts with Part 1 (“Pursuit and Conversation”), with Hemingway and a European expat in conversation about American writers. Relations between the white hunters and native trackers are described, as well as Hemingway’s jealousy of the other hunters. Part 2 (“Pursuit Remembered”) presents a flashback of hunting in northern Tanzania with a description of the Rift Valley and descriptions of how to field dress prey. Hemingway kills a rhino, but his friend Karl kills a bigger one. The literary discussion moves to European writers such as Tolstoy, Flaubert, Stendhal, and Dostoevsky. In Part 3 (“Pursuit and Failure”) the action returns to the present with Hemingway unlucky in hunting, unable to find a kudu he tracks. He moves to an untouched piece of country with the native trackers. In Part 4 (“Pursuit and Happiness”) Hemingway and some of his trackers arrive at seemingly virgin country. There he kills a kudu bull with huge horns (52 inches). Back in the camp, he discovers that Karl killed a kudu with bigger horns

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. He complains that Karl is a terrible hunter with infinite luck. On the last day he learns that many of the guides consider him a brother.
Green Hills of Africa (1935) initially appeared in serialization in Scribner’s Magazine, and was published in 1935. An autobiographical account of his 1933 trip to Africa, Hemingway presents the subject of big game hunting in a non-fiction form in Green Hills of Africa. The serialization occurred from May to November 1935. The book was published on 25 October 1935 to a first edition print-run of 10,500 copies.
Green Hills of Africa initially got a cool reception. Writing for The New York Times, critic John Chamberlain claimed: “Green Hills of Africa is not one of the major Hemingway works. Mr

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. Hemingway has so simplified his method that all his characters talk the lingo perfected in The Sun Also Rises, whether these characters are British, Austrian, Arabian, Ethiopian or Kikuyu.” However, two days later, writing for the same newspaper, critic C. G. Poore hailed The Green Hills of Africa as “the best-written story of big-game hunting anywhere I have read. And more than that. It’s a book about people in unacknowledged conflict and about the pleasures of travel and the pleasures of drinking and war and peace and writing.” Despite the better review, Hemingway said the book critics “killed” the book. He went into a deep depression, and said he was “ready to blow my lousy head off”. Within a few months he was ready to blame the corrupting influence of the wealthy women in his life—his wife Pauline and his mistress Jane Mason. The result of his bitterness were two stories about Africa: “The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber” and “The Snows of Kilimanjaro”, that featured husbands married to domineering women.
The foreword of Green Hills of Africa immediately identifies this as a work of nonfiction that should be compared with similar works of fiction:
Unlike many novels, none of the characters or incidents in this book is imaginary. Any one not finding sufficient love interest is at liberty, while reading it, to insert whatever love interest he or she may have at the time. The writer has attempted to write an absolutely true book to see whether the shape of a country and the pattern of a month’s action can, if truly presented, compete with a work of the imagination.
The book is well known today for a line that has nearly nothing to do with its subject. This quote is frequently used as evidence that Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is The Great American Novel:
The good writers are Henry James, Stephen Crane, and Mark Twain. That’s not the order they’re good in. There is no order for good writers…. All modern American literature comes from one book by Mark Twain called Huckleberry Finn. If you read it you must stop where the Nigger Jim is stolen from the boys. That is the real end. The rest is just cheating. But it’s the best book we’ve had. All American writing comes from that. There was nothing before. There has been nothing as good since.
One episode in Green Hills of Africa is Hemingway’s conversation with the Austrian Kandisky, whom Hemingway stops to help when Kandisky’s truck breaks down. After initially trading opinions on German writers like Rainer Maria Rilke and Thomas Mann and disagreeing on their views of hunting, Hemingway and the Austrian later discuss American literature over dinner, and it turns out that one of the few American writers Hemingway approves of is Henry James, whom he mentions twice.
Specifically, Hemingway says: “The good American writers are Henry James, Stephen Crane, and Mark Twain” and adds later that “Henry James wanted to make money. He never did, of course”. Intermixed with these comments on James, Crane, and Twain are Hemingway’s views of American writers in general, most of whom, he says, came to a bad end. When Kandisky asks about himself Hemingway tells him, “I am interested in other things. I have a good life but I must write because if I do not write a certain amount I do not enjoy the rest of my life.” When asked what he wants, Hemingway replies, “To write as well as I can and learn as I go along. At the same time I have my life which I enjoy and which is a damned good life.”

Craft production

Craft production is the process of manufacturing by hand with or without the aid of tools. The term Craft production refers to a manufacturing technique applied in the hobbies of handicraft but was also the common method of manufacture in the pre-industrialized world, such as in the production of pottery

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In the craft manufacturing process, the final product is unique

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. While the product may be of extremely high quality

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, the uniqueness can be detrimental as seen in the case of early automobiles.
Womack, Jones and Roos in the book The Machine That Changed the World detailed that early automobiles were craft produced

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. Because each vehicle was unique, replacement parts had to be manufactured from scratch or at least customized to fit a specific vehicle. The advent of Mass production and the standardization of replacement parts guaranteed a parts’ compatibility with a variety of vehicle models.
Mass production has many drawbacks to craft production, including that production quality can be lower than a craft-produced item. For example, in some mass-production automobile manufacturing facilities, craftsmen rework flawed, mass-produced vehicles to give the appearance of a quality product.
Lean manufacturing aims to bring back or exceed the quality of craft production and remedy the inefficiency of mass production through the elimination of waste.
Craft production is a part of the informal economy in many cities, such as Istanbul, Turkey where the informal craft economy is a vital source of income for the Turkish craftspeople. Craft markets are highly dependent on social interactions, and verbal training which results in variations in the goods produced. Often, the craft economy consists of craft neighbourhoods, by which a community is structured on the craft activity present in the area.
Often used in the household, many craft goods such as historic Muman Pottery in Korea, originated from the need for economic alternatives to meet household needs. Changes in the craft economies have often coincided with changes in household organization, and social transformations, as in Korea in the Early to Middle Mumun Period.
Given that craft production requires an intimate knowledge of methods of production from an experienced individual of that craft, the connectedness between trades people is highly evident in craft communities. The production of many crafts have a high technical demand, and therefore require full-time specialization of the skill-set in the form of workshops, or verbal, hands-on training. The verbal interaction between teacher and student encourages strong social bonds, which ultimately leads to cohesive communities, typical of modern day craft communities.
Craft economies are highly related to place. Craft-specialization explores how portable goods are integral to the social relations of a community, and links groups of people together through the creation of tangible items.
Places where craft economic activity is taking place indicate strong linkages between sociopolitical organization and societal complexity. These communities are often tight-knit, with strong linkages to materials produced and sold, as well as mutual respect for fellow tradesmen in the market place.